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Multiplayer Online Battle Arena Games (MOBA)

MOBA – an acronym for Multiplayer Online Battle Arena, stands as a prominent genre in the world of video games, particularly renowned for its association with esports competitions. This genre is characterized by battles between two teams of players, both vying to obliterate the opponent’s base within an arena-style environment. MOBA games emphasize strategic teamwork, tactical planning, and the utilization of unique characters, each with diverse abilities and skills. Players enhance their chosen character through upgrades and items, crafting a personalized build for their gameplay.


A typical MOBA match commences with two opposing teams, each composed of five players. The objective is to collaboratively dismantle the enemy base while safeguarding their own. The battleground is segmented into three lanes: top, mid, and bottom, each housing up to three tower structures that assail players striving to advance and demolish the base. Both teams deploy their armies of NPCs, which periodically spawn and march towards the opposing base, aiding in battles against enemy NPCs and tower destruction.

Players control different characters, each falling into roles such as tank, damage-dealer, or support, with distinct designs, strengths, and weaknesses. Experience points are earned by standing near or killing enemy units, allowing characters to level up and purchase items to augment their abilities. Death in the game leads to a temporary removal from active play, governed by a respawn timer, after which the character returns to their base. The essence of MOBA gameplay revolves around teamwork and communication, with victory relying on the synergies and interdependence of each character. No single player can secure victory alone. The game concludes either upon the destruction of one team’s main base tower or when a team surrenders.

Examples of MOBA games

Many MOBA games are available on different platforms, from mobile phones to personal computers and even consoles. Some of the popular MOBA games are namely:

  1. League of Legends – Personal Computer
  2. Dota2 – Personal Computer
  3. Mobile Legends: Bang Bang – Mobile Phones
  4. League of Legends: Wild Rift – Mobile Phones
  5. SMITE – Consoles

MOBA games and esports

MOBA games require a broad knowledge of the characters and their skills, hand-eye coordination, teamwork, and tactical planning. This requirement causes MOBA games to be popularly used in esports competitions, tournaments, and leagues. Some of the MOBA Games esports competitions are as follows:

  • The International – Dota 2
  • League of Legends World Championship – League of Legends
  • Mobile Legends Professional League – Mobile Legends: Bang-Bang


  • Yudistira Adipratama

    Yudistira Adipratama is the Managing Partner of K-CASE Lawyer, the first esports dedicated law firm in Indonesia. K-CASE Lawyer has worked with and provided legal consultation to various esports stakeholders in Indonesia, including game publishers, esports clubs, event organizers, streamers, game associations, government, and universities. Yudistira holds a key position in the policy-making process of the esports parent organization in Indonesia. He was involved in the drafting of Law No. 11 of 2022 on Sports, which recognizes esports as a competitive sport for the first time in Indonesian history. Yudistira is also the drafter of PBESI Regulation No. 034/PB-ESI/B/VI/2021 on the Implementation of Esports Activities in Indonesia, a policy that regulates the implementation of the esports industry ecosystem in Indonesia. His expertise in law and the esports industry also led him to be involved in the drafting of Presidential Regulation No. 19 of 2024 on the Acceleration of the Development of the National Game Industry. In addition to esports, Yudistira also has a deep understanding of sports law and actively serves as a speaker representing Indonesia at various high-level international conferences attended by representatives of the International Olympic Committee. Under his leadership, K-CASE Lawyer has supported Indonesia’s participation in various international multi-sports events, such as the 19th Asian Games in 2022, the 2023 SEA Games, and the 14th IESF World Esports Championships.

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